When abbreviating courts and reporters, you may notice some funny spacing...
Why are there spaces in "F. Supp. 2d" but not in "F.2d"?
According to R 6.1(a):
Rule 1 tells you where to put citations, and the nitty gritty rules for citing particular authorities begin with Rule 10 for cases. What's in between are the style rules. These rules apply to everything in the Whitepages.
It pays to know these rules, or at least know where they are, before you jump into the authority-specific rules.
R2 Typefaces for Law Reviews
R3 Subdivisions (citing parts of larger works)
R4 Short Citation Forms
R6 Abbreviations, Numerals, and Symbols
R7 Italicization for Style and in Unique Circumstances
R9 Titles of Judges, Officials, and Terms of Court
The Whitepages rules for case citations are under R10, starting on page 87 of your Bluebook.
Follow the rules below step by step to create a full citation. Remember, in legal citation "versus" is always abbreviated to "v." That rule is buried in the Bluebook! (hint: look at the middle of page 87)
Note: The citation below assumes you are creating a citation sentence for use in a footnote. Case names in textual sentences and citations are different in typeface and abbreviation. See R10.2.
Citation created from this:
When can you use a short form? You can use a short form in law review footnotes if your short form is for a case that is:
Three basic short forms for cases:
R4 provides the basic rules for short forms. More specific rules for cases are found in R10.9.
Illinois courts have implemented a system of public-domain case citation for opinions issued on or after July 1, 2011. Opinions issued prior to July 1, 2011 are not subject to the new system and will continue to be cited as they have been in the past.
As of July 1, 2011, the official Illinois court reporters, Illinois Reports and Illinois Appellate Reports, are no longer being published. All opinions issued by the Illinois Supreme Court and the Illinois Appellate Court on or after July 1, 2011, will be assigned a unique public-domain case designator and will be posted on the Supreme Court’s website.
When citing an Illinois court opinion issued on or after July 1, 2011, the public-domain case citation must be used. Parallel citations to the North Eastern Reporter and West’s Illinois Decisions may be included, but are not required. West Publishing Company will continue to publish all opinions issued by the Illinois Supreme Court and the Illinois Appellate Court in both the North Eastern Reporter and in West’s Illinois Decisions. West will continue to assign key numbers to those opinions.
When citing an Illinois court opinion issued prior to July 1, 2011, continue to use the official Illinois Reports or Illinois Appellate Reports citation. Parallel citations to the North Eastern Reporter and West’s Illinois Decisions may be included, but are not required.