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What is Impostor Syndrome?
Impostor syndrome (also known as impostor phenomenon or fraud syndrome) is a term coined in 1978 by clinical psychologists Dr. Pauline R. Clance and Suzanne A. Imes referring to high-achieving individuals marked by an inability to internalize their accomplishments and a persistent fear of being exposed as a "fraud." Despite external evidence of their competence, those exhibiting the syndrome remain convinced that they are frauds and do not deserve the success they have achieved. Proof of success is dismissed as luck, timing, or as a result of deceiving others into thinking they are more intelligent and competent than they believe themselves to be. Some studies suggest that impostor syndrome is particularly common among high-achieving women, while others indicate that men and women are equally affected.
Scientific American: What Is Impostor Syndrome?
Can’t take a compliment? Feel like a fake? Convinced you’ll be unmasked at any moment? Welcome to the secret circle of high achievers suffering from Impostor Syndrome. The Savvy Psychologist explains how to recognize it, where it comes from, and has 9 tips on how to combat it
Forbes: Afraid Of Being 'Found Out?' How To Overcome Impostor Syndrome
[N]o one is immune to the self-doubt that feeds Impostor Syndrome. But what matters most is not whether we occasionally (or regularly) fear failing, looking foolish or not being ‘whatever enough’; it’s whether we give those fears the power to keep us from taking the actions needed to achieve our goals and highest aspirations.
Conquering impostor syndrome: lessons from female and minority business leaders
During the first semester, I felt panic and the desire to flee—symptoms that I would later
experience in some of the demanding positions I held during my career. It wasn’t that I was less competent than my peers. In fact, I excelled and was recognized for my efforts and results. The problem was that I felt like a fraud. When would my professors/fellow students/professional peers realize that I wasn’t as competent as I acted?
Even Michelle Obama has Impostor Syndrome
Michelle Obama: 'I still have impostor syndrome'
Asked how she felt to be seen as a "symbol of hope," Mrs. Obama told students: "I still have a little [bit of] impostor syndrome, it never goes away, that you're actually listening to me."
"It doesn't go away, that feeling that you shouldn't take me that seriously. What do I know? I share that with you because we all have doubts in our abilities, about our power and what that power is."
ABA: Imposter Syndrome? 8 tactics to combat the anxiety
What do Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor, Serena Williams and Tom Hanks have in common? They have all admitted to struggling at one point with Impostor Syndrome—that feeling of not being smart enough, being terrified of making mistakes and worried about being exposed as a fraud, despite career attainments or expertise.
Ever Feel Like a Fake? Here’s How To Fix It
Evelyn Marinoff describes how introverts can overcome impostor syndrome.
Neil Gaiman on Impostor Syndrome
I was standing at the back of the hall . . . and I started talking to a very nice, polite, elderly gentleman about several things, including our shared first name. And then he pointed to the hall of people, and said words to the effect of, “I just look at all these people, and I think, what the heck am I doing here? They’ve made amazing things. I just went where I was sent.” And I said, “Yes. But you were the first man on the moon. I think that counts for something.”
Tame Your Inner Critic
This essay is about writing, but if you change "writing" to "studying" it's just as applicable. It's written by Kerry Ann Rockquemore, PhD, President, National Center for Faculty Development & Diversity, a truly inspirational role model.
Presence: Bringing Your Boldest Self to Your Biggest Challenges by
Call Number: BF 575 .S39 C84 2015 Law Library's lower level
Publication Date: 2015-12-22
Have you ever left a nerve-racking challenge and immediately wished for a do over? Maybe after a job interview, a performance, or a difficult conversation? The very moments that require us to be genuine and commanding can instead cause us to feel phony and powerless. Too often we approach our lives' biggest hurdles with dread, execute them with anxiety, and leave them with regret. By accessing our personal power, we can achieve "presence," the state in which we stop worrying about the impression we're making on others and instead adjust the impression we've been making on ourselves. As Harvard professor Amy Cuddy's revolutionary book reveals, we don't need to embark on a grand spiritual quest or complete an inner transformation to harness the power of presence. Instead, we need to nudge ourselves, moment by moment, by tweaking our body language, behavior, and mind-set in our day-to-day lives. Amy Cuddy has galvanized tens of millions of viewers around the world with her TED talk about "power poses." Now she presents the enthralling science underlying these and many other fascinating body-mind effects, and teaches us how to use simple techniques to liberate ourselves from fear in high-pressure moments, perform at our best, and connect with and empower others to do the same. Brilliantly researched, impassioned, and accessible, "Presence" is filled with stories of individuals who learned how to flourish during the stressful moments that once terrified them. Every reader will learn how to approach their biggest challenges with confidence instead of dread, and to leave them with satisfaction instead of regret.
Empress Has No Clothes : Conquering Self-Doubt to Embrace Success, 1e by
Call Number: *UIUC Online Collection
Publication Date: 2013-06-03
*UIUC Online Collection -- Accessible anywhere on the UIUC campus or with UIUC NetID
You Deserve Your Success! Joyce Roché rose from humble circumstances to earn an Ivy League MBA and become the first female African-American vice president of Avon, president of a leading hair care company, and CEO of the national nonprofit Girls Inc. But despite these accomplishments, she felt like a fraud. She worked more and more, had less and less of a personal life, and was never able to enjoy her success. In this deeply personal memoir, Roché shares her lifelong struggle with what she now recognizes as "the impostor syndrome," a condition that plagues successful people in all walks of life. Based on her own experiences and those of top executives from organizations such as Eileen Fisher, Citigroup, BET, Pepsi, and Tupperware, she offers practical advice and valuable coping strategies that can help you embrace your own worth and live a life of joy, zest, and fulfillment.
Secret Thoughts of Successful Women : Why Capable People Suffer from the Impostor Syndrome and How to Thrive in Spite of It, 1e by
Call Number: No copies at the Law Library -- [request online]
Publication Date: 2011-10-25
"It's only because they like me. I was in the right place at the right time. I just work harder than the others. I don't deserve this. It's just a matter of time before I am found out. Someone must have made a terrible mistake.
If you are a working woman, chances are this internal monologue sounds all too familiar. And you're not alone. From the high-achieving Ph.D. candidate convinced she's only been admitted to the program because of a clerical error to the senior executive who worries others will find out she's in way over her head, a shocking number of accomplished women in all career paths and at every level feel as though they are faking it impostors in their own lives and careers. hile the impostor syndrome is not unique to women, women are more apt to agonize over tiny mistakes, see even constructive criticism as evidence of their shortcomings, and chalk up their accomplishments to luck rather than skill. They often unconsciously overcompensate with crippling perfectionism, overpreparation, maintaining a lower profile, withholding their talents and opinions, or never finishing important projects. When they do succeed, they think,
A "free no-tech life hack" to change your life.
Body language affects how others see us, but it may also change how we see ourselves. Social psychologist Amy Cuddy shows how “power posing” — standing in a posture of confidence, even when we don’t feel confident — can affect testosterone and cortisol levels in the brain, and might even have an impact on our chances for success.